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Usa Student Visa Guide

USA Study Visa: The USA continues to be the top choice for students planning to study abroad. If you are among the few who aspire and have already got admission into your aspired university, applying for Student Visa is the next important step to realizing your Study in USA dream. This Students Visa Guide examines briefly the various types of visa and attempts to give a detailed process of applying for the F1 Student Visa – applicable to students planning to take up their bachelor’s as well as master’s in USA. Apart from this, candidates should also know the reasons why their US Student Visa gets rejected?

Types of USA Study Visa

There are three types of student visas to the US:

1. F1 Student Visa

  • Students applying for a program that requires more than 18 hours of study in a week require an F1 visa. This includes all undergraduate programs as well as graduate programs like MS, MBA, etc.
  • Spouses or children accompanying F-1 visa recipients will travel on an F-2 visa. Please note that spouses are not able to work but may accompany and/or apply for their own visa to the U.S. to work or study.

2. J1 Exchange Visitor Visa

  • The J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa is for students, visiting scholars or lecturers pursuing an exchange program. For example, Fulbright scholars and many students on short-term study abroad programs from Kenyan universities will travel to the U.S. on a J-1 visa.
  • J1 visa is usually sought by a working professional who goes to America on an exchange program, hence the name Exchange Visitor Visa. These may include a 10-month vocational training or some research fellowship, etc. Whichever be the case, the applicants would be notified for the same by the respective institutions. 
  • Spouses or children accompanying J-1 Visa recipients will travel on a J-2 Visa. Please note that spouses are able to work when permission is obtained in advance.

3. M-1 Vocational/ Non-Academic Student Visa

  • The M1 visa is a type of student visa which is reserved for vocational and technical schools. While the process for applying to the F1 visa and M-1 is similar, the difference is that on entering, the M1 visas are time-stamped and students cannot overstay their visit.

CORONAVIRUS/COVID-19 ALERT

Due to COVID-19, U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement department has permitted US Universities to electronically send Forms I-20 to students on their email addresses listed on SEVIS. For minor students, the email address may belong to their parent or a legal guardian.

Considering the Coronavirus pandemic, SEVP has lifted the restriction on mailing physical Form I-20s and is allowing schools to email I-20s directly to the students temporarily. The emailed Form I-20 will now be considered official for the purpose of applying for the visa by the US embassy. It also means, currently, students need not pay shipping fees until further notice.

An electronically received I-20 can be

  • A scanned version of a physically signed form I-20, or
  • A digitally signed form I-20 that includes a digitally reproduced copy having a physical signature
  • A digitally signed form I-20 using electronic signature software

Students can pay their I-901 fees, so that when the embassies reopen, they will get the visa appointment at the earliest.

Working on USA Student Visa

During the first year while studying, students cannot accept off-campus employment. They are not allowed to work more than 20 hours per week. During holidays and breaks, they may work up to 40 hours per week. The student can work for a commercial firm that provides services to the college, such as a bookstore or cafeteria.

Cost of Visa

There are two fees associated with for F1 student visa for the USA

  1. SEVIS fee which is at present at $350
  2. Visa Application Fee (MRV Fee) which is at present $160

Here is the breakdown of different types of Student Visas

 Type of Visa
 Type of FeeF1J1M1
SEVIS Fee*
Amount$350$220$350
Accepted modes of PaymentCredit Card
Money Order/ Demand Draft
Payable inDollars at the applicable exchange rate as determined by the bank
MRV Application Fee/ Visa Application Fee
Amount$160$160$160
Accepted modes of PaymentNEFT Online Transfer
Instant Money Transfer by Mobile – IMPS
By Cash at counters of Axis Bank/ Citibank

USA Study Visa: The USA continues to be the top choice for students planning to study abroad. If you are among the few who aspire and have already got admission into your aspired university, applying for Student Visa is the next important step to realizing your Study in USA dream. This Students Visa Guide examines briefly the various types of visa and attempts to give a detailed process of applying for the F1 Student Visa – applicable to students planning to take up their bachelor’s as well as master’s in USA. Apart from this, candidates should also know the reasons why their US Student Visa gets rejected?

Types of USA Study Visa

There are three types of student visas to the US:

1. F1 Student Visa

  • Students applying for a program that requires more than 18 hours of study in a week require an F1 visa. This includes all undergraduate programs as well as graduate programs like MS, MBA, etc.
  • Spouses or children accompanying F-1 visa recipients will travel on an F-2 visa. Please note that spouses are not able to work but may accompany and/or apply for their own visa to the U.S. to work or study.
  • The J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa is for students, visiting scholars or lecturers pursuing an exchange program. For example, Fulbright scholars and many students on short-term study abroad programs from Indian universities will travel to the U.S. on a J-1 visa.
  • J1 visa is usually sought by a working professional who goes to America on an exchange program, hence the name Exchange Visitor Visa. These may include a 10-month vocational training or some research fellowship, etc. Whichever be the case, the applicants would be notified for the same by the respective institutions. 
  • Spouses or children accompanying J-1 Visa recipients will travel on a J-2 Visa. Please note that spouses are able to work when permission is obtained in advance.

3. M-1 Vocational/ Non-Academic Student Visa

  • The M1 visa is a type of student visa which is reserved for vocational and technical schools. While the process for applying to the F1 visa and M-1 is similar, the difference is that on entering, the M1 visas are time-stamped and students cannot overstay their visit.

CORONAVIRUS/COVID-19 ALERT

Due to COVID-19, U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement department has permitted US Universities to electronically send Forms I-20 to students on their email addresses listed on SEVIS. For minor students, the email address may belong to their parent or a legal guardian.

Considering the Coronavirus pandemic, SEVP has lifted the restriction on mailing physical Form I-20s and is allowing schools to email I-20s directly to the students temporarily. The emailed Form I-20 will now be considered official for the purpose of applying for the visa by the US embassy. It also means, currently, students need not pay shipping fees until further notice.

An electronically received I-20 can be

  • A scanned version of a physically signed form I-20, or
  • A digitally signed form I-20 that includes a digitally reproduced copy having a physical signature
  • A digitally signed form I-20 using electronic signature software

Students can pay their I-901 fees, so that when the embassies reopen, they will get the visa appointment at the earliest.

Working on USA Student Visa

During the first year while studying, students cannot accept off-campus employment. They are not allowed to work more than 20 hours per week. During holidays and breaks, they may work up to 40 hours per week. The student can work for a commercial firm that provides services to the college, such as a bookstore or cafeteria.

Cost of Visa

There are two fees associated with for F1 student visa for the USA

  1. SEVIS fee which is at present at $350 (INR 26,256)
  2. Visa Application Fee (MRV Fee) which is at present $160 (INR 12,003)

Here is the breakdown of different types of Student Visas

 Type of Visa
 Type of FeeF1J1M1
SEVIS Fee*
Amount$350$220$350
Accepted modes of PaymentCredit Card
Money Order/ Demand Draft
Payable inDollars at the applicable exchange rate as determined by the bank
MRV Application Fee/ Visa Application Fee
Amount$160$160$160
Accepted modes of PaymentNEFT Online Transfer
Instant Money Transfer by Mobile – IMPS
By Cash at counters of Axis Bank/ Citibank
Payable inPayable in INR at the Exchange Rate Fixed by the Consular Office (At present the exchange rate is fixed at $1 = INR 74)

*Spouses and dependents do not need to pay the SEVIS fee if they are going to the U.S. on F-2 or J-2 visas.

Documents Required for F1 Student Visa Application

USA Study Visa Process: Student visa requires you to carry a lot more documents than you would for a tourist visa, by comparison. You need the mandatory documents along with supporting documents of financial and academic records. Make sure you refer to this checklist before going to the consulate for the visa interview.

  • A valid passport with a validity date at least six months beyond your period of stay.
  • A printed copy of DS-160, the online application form
  • Interview appointment letter (original and copy)
  • Form I-20 sent by the college (where you are going to study)
  • Visa fees payment confirmation receipt
  • Bank statement for at least three years showing that you have enough assets to pay for the first year (could be of parent or guardian)
  • Pay/salary slips
  • Original mark sheets/provisional certificates
  • Score sheet of exams like TOEFL, GMAT, IELTS, etc.

Supporting Financial Documents required for F1 Visa

For the USA, students need to show proof of the amount of funds they need to cover for the first year’s total expenses. It includes tuition fees, living expenses, and other expenses (like books). Apart from this, students also need to show proof of the readily available funds for the rest of the tenure of their education.

Evidence of Financial Resources required for F1 Visa

  • Tax returns for the past 3 years (Form 16)
  • Bank statements/passbook for the past 3 years
  • Original pay/salary slips and letters of employment
  • Statement from certified CA
  • Scholarship letter (If the applicant has received it)
  • The loan approval letter by the bank or the concerned authority

How to Apply for US Student Visa (F1 Visa)

There are several steps to apply for a USA Study Visa:

  1. Your visa process starts when you receive Form I-20 from your college. Though you can pay the SEVIS fee anytime during the application, it is strongly recommended that you pay the SEVIS I-901 fee before you start your US visa application.
  2. After paying the SEVIS fee and getting a receipt, you can apply for a DS-160 visa form. It is an online application form.
  3. Print the application form confirmation page to bring to your interview.
  4. Pay the visa fee through NEFT or at authorized AXIS bank/Citi bank locations.
  5. Schedule a Biometric appointment and Interview appointment.
  6. For the Biometric appointment, you will be required to appear in person to get your photograph clicked for the visa and get your fingerprints scanned.
  7. At the Personal interview, the interviewer will ask you questions about your choice, of course, college, finances, and intent of coming back. If s/he is convinced, they will keep your passport with them to get the visa stamped. Here is a guide to help you prepare for your F1 Visa Interview.

Remember, F1 student visas can be issued up to 120 days before the starting date of your course of study. However, you will not be allowed to enter the United States on F1 status earlier than 30 days before your start date.

Dependents

Spouses and children under the age of 21 who wish to accompany the applicant in the US for the duration of his or her stay require F2 or M2 visas. A spouse on F2 status cannot enroll for a full course of study but can attend classes that are vocational or recreational in nature like pursuing a hobby or interest, such as cooking or tennis. Children on F2 status are allowed to attend elementary, middle, or high school as a full-time student. They may not enroll in a full-time course of study at a college or university.

The spouse and children of students cannot accept employment at any time during their stay-period on the F2 Visa.

Additional Information

F1 visa holders are eligible for up to 12 months of OPT (optional practical training) on completion of graduation. That means you can work for a year after you finish your studies. It is a temporary employment permission-giving students the opportunity to gain practical experience in their field of study. After that, you will be required to apply for a work visa if you have to continue working in the US. You can remain in the US up to 60 days after the completion of your course even if you don’t have a job offer or haven’t applied for OPT.

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